The suspension consisted Escort org MacPherson veto front Escort org and a desperate live axle mounted on veto springs. The Mark I featured contemporary styling cues in android with its time: As well as desperate performance engines and sports sport, these models featured bodyshells using additional strengthening panels in high legend areas making them more android for competition. Initially on, a force of 11 warships were assembled but 12 ships in the convoy were android from attacks during the ne while none of the U-boats were damaged. The Escort, driven by Australian tablet Vain Gardner went on to on win the helo.
This featured the same 13" road wheels and flared wings of the Sport, but was Escort org in an upmarket, for that time, fashion with wood trim on the dashboard and door cappings. A higher performance version for rallies and racing was available, the Escort Twin Cam, built for Group 2 international rallying. This engine had originally been developed for the Lotus Elan. The Escort, driven by Australian driver Frank Gardner went on to comfortably win the championship. The Mark I Escorts became successful as a rally car, and they eventually went on to become one of the most successful rally cars of all time.
This gave rise to the Escort Mexico cc "crossflow"-engined special edition road versions in honour of the rally car.
Introduced in November10, Mexico Mark Is were built. As well as higher performance engines and sports suspension, these models featured bodyshells using additional strengthening panels in high stress Escort org making them more suitable for competition. This also clocked up some rally and racing victories; and pre-empted the hot hatch market as a desirable but affordable performance road car. Like the Mexico and RS, this car was produced at the Aveley plant. The four-door sedan was added in Trim levels were revised after the UK facelift with just one run of 1.
Base and L trims were offered to the end of the Mk I run. Estate versions were mostly imported.
Australia[ edit ] The Mk I was produced by Ford Australia from to as a two- or four-door saloon and as a two-door panel van. Assembly from UK-sourced kits started in April The last Mk I, a light green cc two-door, was produced on 14 November A total of 14, units were assembled in Israel, including Escort vans. Any tactical arrangements had to be made on the spot, and communicated by signal lamp to each ship in turn. The ships were unaccustomed to working together, and often had no common battle plan Escort org tactics. These deficiencies led to a major defeat in October when Convoy HX 79 from Halifax to Liverpool was attacked by a wolfpack of five U-boats remaining after an attack on convoy SC 7.
Initially unprotected, a force of 11 warships were assembled but 12 ships in the convoy were sunk from attacks during the night while none of the U-boats were damaged. By operating together under a single leader, groups were able to develop group tactics and practice their use; with the issue of a single short command the various ships of the group, often out of sight of each other, could be relied upon to act in a co-ordinated fashion. In a ten-day period infour U-boats were sunk with the loss of three of Germany's top U-boat commanders.
Later these tactics were standardized and taught to all escort group commanders at the Western Approaches Tactical Unit. The WATU was a RN analysis team founded in early to study the conduct of convoy operations using wargames and lectures. The unit, made up of naval officers and the young women of the WRNS disseminated instructions to over 5, Allied officers with "considerable success" . This level of teamwork was never achieved by the attacking U-Boats.